URBAN PARANGOLÉ // THE SYNCRETIC CITY
2012 // São Paulo, Brazil
// Design Team Member
Before anything it is necessary to clarify my interest for dance, for rhythm, in my particular case it came from a vital necessity for a dis-intellectualization…it was therefore, an experience of greater vitality, indispensable particularly in the demolition of preconceived ideas and stereotypification… there was a convergence of this experience with the form which my art took in the Parangolé.
- Hélio Oiticica
Urban Parangolé is a framework that responds to the human need and desire for movement – it engages us in a dance with the city. This notion pays homage to the work of Brazilian artist Hélio Oiticica and extends the central tenet that ‘life is movement’ from the body into the city. Urban mobility serves as a set of strategies to engage the city.
Urban Parangolé liberates the spaces of the contemporary city, engaging all possibilities of the three-dimensional field of mobility. Through the strata area, flexible territory is introduced enabling São Paulo to support a spectrum of innovative programs and typologies accessible for self-determination. The city is now porous. New possibilities emerge and permeate the existing fabric, allowing for the productive utilization of all spaces in new capacities.
In the last century rapid urbanization throughout São Paulo’s greater metropolitan region has resulted in a population of close to twenty million people. Even though this makes São Paulo one of the most vibrant cities in South America, it also creates a condition in which the established, rigid systems of mobility are no longer effective.
Since the 1930s government investment has focused on the growth of extensive automobile infrastructure, a trend that has diminished investment in alternative modes of mass transit, and resulted in current issues of congestion and infrastructure limitations. This is a key component of the larger, asymmetrical urbanization process. Population density in parts of the central region of the city have diminished, while the urbanization of peripheral areas, especially in the sprawling gated communities and favelas, has exploded. As a consequence, the majority of people within São Paulo face both social and territorial immobility. Innovative new modes and pathways of motion are needed to make São Paulo an accessible and inclusive city for all of its inhabitants.
Urban-Think Tank: Alfredo Brillembourg & Hubert Klumpner, with Ligia Nobre (Curator)
Research and Design Lead: Lindsey Sherman
Research and Design Team: Mariana Albuquerque, Michael Contento, Alessia Finckenstein, Fabiola Cedillo Espin, Hannes Gutberlet, Sudipta Iyer, André Kitagawa, Philipp Kremer, Pauline Launay, Scott Lloyd, Rafael Machado, Ilana Millner, Lea Rüfenacht, Daniel Schwartz, Torunn Vaksvik Skarstad, Maria Abadia Suanzes-Carpegna, Dominik Weber
* with the students from the International Summer Academy 2012, ETH Zurich, Department or Architecture and the participants of the São Paulo ANCB workshop
Consultants: Thomas Auer (Transsolar), Daniel Dendra (anOtherArchitect), Maximilian Jezo-Parovsky (TenTen), Federico Parolotto (MIC), Scott Ritter (SSR)
Presentation Booklet: Ruedi Baur, Gina Donzé (Intégral Ruedi Baur)
In partnership with the city of São Paulo, Secretaria Municipal de Habitação (SEHAB), Elisabete França and Maria Teresa Diniz
Special thanks to the communities of Santa Ifigênia, Paraisópolis and the great city of São Paulo