CENTRO DE AÇCAO SOCIAL POR MÚSICA
2009 - // Grotão, Paraisópolis - São Paulo, Brazil
* Holcim Gold Award - Latin America
* Holcim Global Silver Award
// Project Architect
Paraisópolis is an area that began to develop in the 1920s around a challenging topography of rivers. For this reason, regular streets and infrastructure were not implemented. In the 1960s the neighboring area of Morumbi began to develop, and the construction labor force began to informally occupy the area. Before this urbanization the area was mainly agricultural. In the 1970s a new zoning law discouraged legal development on the site (due to prohibitive lot sizes), and as a result there was a boom of invasion in Paraisópolis.
Despite its central urban location, the marginalized area of Grotão within Paraisópolis is effectively separated from the formal city. Within this isolated zone, increased erosion and dangerous mudslides have designated the site as one of many high-risk zones in the city - a primarily inaccessible void in the otherwise dense fabric.
The project fundamentally transforms this void into a productive zone and dynamic public space through social design - a process of analyzing the local effects of rapid growth and improving marginalized settlements through social infrastructure. In addition to stabilizing the challenging topography and eliminating further erosion damage, the new terraced landscape transforms Grotão into a ‘natural arena’ that encourages diverse community participation. The intervention opens the edges of the void to re-establish connections within the isolated urban fabric and to introduce social programs where they were once categorically neglected. Localized moments of this program, which includes sports facilities, urban agricultural, public space, transportation infrastructure, replacement housing, and the Fábrica de Música, are simultaneously connected to all boundaries of the area by the landscape of activated terraces.
The lower zone of the site contains the Fábrica da Música, which stacks diverse programs to maximize site potential. These include public transportation, sports facilities, and the music school, which contains practice and rehearsal spaces, studios, a performance hall, and auxiliary classrooms. This is a vital catalyst in the area, expanding music and cultural programs into the favela while forming a new network that serves the youth from all levels of society. The upper zone contains new replacement housing for those displaced from high-risk zones. Commercial spaces are introduced on the first level as an economic vehicle that activates the street level and stimulates the micro-economy of the urban agriculture on site.
The project proposes that architects eschew their conventional role in traditional hierarchies to serve as an enabling connection between the opposing forces of top-down planning and bottom-up initiatives. By creating common ground for these two forces, we can eliminate divisiveness and generate productive interactions. Here the priority becomes equipping this peripheral neighborhood with infrastructure, water, sewage networks, lighting and services in addition to social infrastructure in the areas of education, safety, culture, public space, and sports. The proposed urban model aims to translate a society’s need for equal access to housing, employment, technology, services, education, and resources - fundamental rights for all city dwellers – into spatial solutions.
Architect: Urban-Think Tank - Alfredo Brillembourg, Hubert Klumpner
Project Architects: Michael Contento, Lindsey Sherman
Project Team: Thiago Natal Duarte, Carlos Guimaraes, Carolina Montilla, Baldomero Navarro
Acoustic Engineer: Dr. Eckard Mommertz, Mueller-BBM International GmbH
Sustainability Engineer: Thomas Auer, Daniel Pianka, Transsolar
Water Engineer: Eric Rothstein, Ian Lipsky, eDesign Dynamics
Structural Engineer: Holger Techen, Imagine Structure
Client: City of Sao Paulo Secretaria de Habitacao (SEHAB) – Director-Elisabeta Franca, Project Manager-Maria Tereza Dinitz